Function characteristics

# Periodic functions

A function f is said to be **periodic** with a period T if, for some nonzero constant T, we have:

f(x + T) = f(x) for all values of x.

If there exists a least positive constant T with this property, it is called the **prime period**. A function with period T will repeat on intervals of length T, and these intervals are sometimes also referred to as **periods**.

Example: f(x) = sin x, is a periodic function and its prime period is T = 2π

sin (x + 2π) = sin x

**Exercise**: decide whether these functions are periodic or not and if they are, find their prime period:

a)

b)

c)

Solutions: a) periodic, T = 1; b) it is not a periodic function; c) periodic, T = π

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